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HOME » Glossary

Glossary

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | V
A

Acidity
increase in the acid content of stomach; a sign of indigestion

Adjuvant
is used to add in the action of another drug

Adrenergic
term applied to sympathetic nerves which liberate adrenaline and noradrenaline from their terminations

Alopecia
baldness, loss of hair, a natural or abnormal condition
Amenorrhea
suppression or absence of menstruation
Analgesic
agent that relieves or reduces pain
Anemia
decreased oxygen carrying capacity of blood, decrease hemoglobin content of blood
Angina
sense of suffocation or constriction
Antacids
agents, which neutralize excessive acidity in the stomach
Anthelmintic
agents, which destroy or expel intestinal worms (e.g. Vidanga, Male fern root, Chenopodium)
Antidiabetic
medicine preventing or overcoming diabetes by lowering blood sugar
Antidysenteric
medicine given against dysentery
Antiemetic
which prevents or lessens the tendency to vomit
Antiseptics
inhibits or retards or prevents the growth and reproduction or arrests the development of bacteria or other microorganisms on the surface of body or in vitro
Antitussive
any measures which suppress cough
Arrhythmias
any deviation from the normal rhythm of the heart
Arteriosclerosis
degenerative arterial change
Arthralgia
pain in a joint, especially when there is no inflammation
Arthritis
inflammation of joints
Astringent
an agent, which contract the skin and controls oil secretion. It also stimulates epithelial (skin) cell growth locally, acts as antiseptic and a protective agent.
B
Bronchitis
illness caused by the inflammation of bronchial tree in the lungs
C
Cardiac
pertaining to the heart
Carminative
having the power to relieve flatulence and associated colic
Cervicitis
inflammation of the cervix
Cholinergic
applied to parasympathetic nerves, which liberate acetylcholine at their terminations
Cirrhosis
degenerative changes in the liver which results in fibrosis
Coitus
the act of sexual intercourse; copulation
Colic
pain due to contraction of smooth muscles in the walls of intestines or genitourinary system
Conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva
Crystalluria
excretion of crystals in the urine
Cystitis
inflammation of the urinary bladder
D
Demulcent
soothes, softens, relaxes and protects mucus surfaces to which applied from irritation
Dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
Diabetes
a metabolic disorder characterized by excessive elimination of urine
Diarrhea
gastrointestinal disease resulting in the increased frequency or fluidity of stool
Diuresis
increased secretion of urine
Diuretic
induces or stimulates flow of urine, increases urinary output
Dysentery
bacterial or protozoal infections in mucous membrane of intestine, leading to blood or mucus in stool
Dysmenorrhea
painful menstruation
Dyspepsia
indigestion
Dysuria
difficult or painful urination
E

Edema
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissue spaces

Emollient
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissue spaces

Epilepsy
a nervous disorder with convulsions

Epistaxis
bleeding from the nose

Etiology
a science dealing with the causation of disease

Expectorant
a drug, which promotes or increases the elimination of sputum from the respiratory tract by coughing

F
Flatulence
the presence of an excess of gas in stomach and intestine
G
Geriatric
branch of medical science dealing with old age and its diseases
Gout
painful inflammation of joints and excessive amount of uric acid in the blood
H

Hematinic
any substance, which is required for the production of red blood cells and its constituents

Hematuria
blood in the urine

Hemoptysis
the coughing up of blood

Hemorrhoids
varicosity of the veins around the anus

Hemostasis
arrest of bleeding

Hemorrhage
bleeding

Hepatitis
inflammation of the liver

Hyperlipidemia
excessive fat in the blood

I
Impotence
inability to engage in sexual intercourse

Incontinence
inability to control the evacuation of urine or feces

L
Lactation
formation and secretion of milk

Laxative
mild purgative, having the action of loosening the bowels

Leukorrhea
a sticky, whitish vaginal discharge

Libido
the urge to obtain sexual satisfaction

Lipotrophic
factors which cause the removal of fat from the liver by transmethylation

Lochia
discharge after childbirth

M
Menarche
the onset of menstrual periods

Menopause
the cessation of menstruation

Menorrhagia
an excessive regular menstrual flow

Micturition
the act of passing urine which causes burning sensation

Mucolysis
dissolution of mucus

Myelocytes
bone marrow cells from which leucocytes develop

N
Nausea
causes sensation of sickness of stomach, which may or may not proceed to emesis

Nervine
an agent the increases nerve strength

O
Oligomenorrhea
scanty menstrual flow
P
Phagocytosis
the engulfment by phagocytes of foreign or other particles

Pheochromocytoma
a condition in which there is a tumour of the adrenal medulla or of the structurally similar tissues associated with the sympathetic chain

Piles
enlarged or dilated blood vessels or veins in swollen tissues of the anal canal

Purgative
agent , which causes evacuation of the bowels

Pustule
a small inflammatory swelling containing pus

R
Retinopathy
disease condition of retina

Rheumatism
a general term used for disease of muscle, joint, bone resulting in discomfort

Rubefacient
substances, which when applied to the skin, cause redness

S
Sciatica
pain in the line of distribution of the sciatic nerve (buttock, back of thigh, calf and foot)

Spermatorrhea
involuntary discharge of semen without orgasm

Styptic
an astringent applied to stop bleeding

T
Thromboembolic
the phenomenon whereby a thrombus or clot detaches itself and is carried to another part of the body in the blood stream to block a blood vessel there

Thyrotoxicosis
a condition due to excessive production of thyroxine

Tonic
improves or increase general bodily tone and vitality; restoring strength and energy

V
Vaginitis
inflammation of the vagina

Varicose veins
dilated veins, the valves of which become incompetent so that blood flow may be reversed

Vasodilation
widening of the lumen of blood vessels